' 새 교황에 아르헨티나 베르골리오 추기경'
--- 동아일보, 기사입력 2013-03-14 04:22:00 기사수정 2013-03-14 05:34:53
교황명은 프란치스코 1세…1282년만에 비유럽권 교황
아르헨티나의 호르헤 마리오 베르골리오(76) 추기경이 13일(현지시간) 베네딕토 16세의 뒤를 이을 제266대 교황에 선출됐다.
비유럽권에서 교황이 선출된 것은 시리아 출신이었던 그레고리오 3세(731년) 이후 1천282년만에 처음이다. 또한 미주 대륙에서는 가톨릭 교회 2천년사상 첫 교황이 탄생한 것이다.
새 교황은 교황 즉위명으로 프란치스코를 선택했다.
교황 선출은 전날 개막한 이번 콘클라베에서 5번째 투표 만에 이뤄진 것이다.
교황 프란치스코 1세는 성 베드로 성당의 발코니에 나와 축복을 전하는 '우르비 엣 오르비(Urbi et Orbi 바티칸시와 전 세계에게)'에서 "좋은 저녁입니다"라고 말문을 연 뒤 "여러분의 환영에 감사합니다"라고 말했다.
이어 스페인어가 섞인 라틴어로 "여러분이 알듯이 콘클라베는 로마에 주교를 앉히는 것이다. 내 동료 추기경들이 거의 세상의 끝으로 간 것처럼 보인다"고 가벼운 농담을 건넸다.
새 교황은 전임 교황 베네딕토 16세를 위해 기도했다.
12억 가톨릭 신자를 이끌게 될 그는 현재 부에노스아이레스 대주교로, 성직 기간 대부분을 고국인 아르헨티나에서 교회를 돌보는 목자로서 활동했다.
애초 교황 유력 후보군에 전혀 이름이 거론되지 않아 그의 교황 선출은 의외라는 것이 이탈리아 현지와 세계 언론의 반응이다.
한홍순 주교황청 한국 대사는 "예상보다 빨리 새 교황이 선출됐다"면서 "하느님의 복음을 가장 잘 전할 수 있는 분이 새 교황을 선출하는 가장 중요한 기준이었던 것으로 보인다"고 말했다.
앞서 바티칸 성 베드로 광장에 모여든 수만 명의 신자들과 관광객들은 이날 저녁 콘클라베가 열린 시스티나 성당 굴뚝에서 교황 선출을 알리는 흰 연기가 피어오르자 환호를 질렀고, 이어 성당의 종소리가 울렸다.
새 교황 선출은 265대 교황인 베네딕토 16세의 갑작스러운 사임에 따른 것이다.
[교황선출] 프란치스코 1세는 누구?
--- 동아일보, 기사입력 2013-03-14 05:52:00 기사수정 2013-03-14 05:52:00
지난 2005년 콘클라베에서도 유력 후보로 꼽혔으나 베네딕토 16세에 교황 자리를 내줬던 그는 8년 만에 소집된 회의에서 추기경단의 폭넓은 지지로 교황 자리에 올랐다.
사상 최초의 예수회(Jesuits) 출신 교황이자 미주 출신 첫 교황이라는 점에서 바티칸 역사에 새로운 이정표를 세우게 됐다. 가톨릭 수도회인 예수회는 1534년 창립 이후 교황과 긴밀한 관계를 맺어왔지만 그동안 교황을 배출하지 못했다.
평생을 기도와 고행을 통해 봉사하며 살아가는 생활을 실천해온 그는 대주교 직에 오른 뒤에도 운전기사를 따로 두지 않는 청빈한 생활로 잘 알려져 있다.
1936년 부에노스아이레스에서 이탈리아 출신 철도노동자 가정의 5남매 중 한 명으로 태어났다.
1958년 예수회에 입문해 수도사의 길을 걸었으며 산미겔 산호세대학에서 철학을 전공한 뒤 신학생들을 대상으로 철학과 문학을 가르쳤다.
30대 시절 수도사로서 탁월한 지도력을 인정받아 1970년대 후반까지 아르헨티나 지방을 돌며 사목 활동을 했으며, 1980년에는 산미겔 예수회 수도원의 원장으로 발탁됐다.
이후 독일에서 박사학위를 받은 뒤 고국으로 돌아와 후학 양성에 힘썼다.
1998년 부에노스아이레스 대주교에 올랐으며 2001년 추기경으로 임명됐다.
" Peace be with You! "
New Pope: Jorge Mario Bergoglio to be known as Pope Francis
- News Limited Network
- March 14, 2013
- Cardinal Bergoglio from Argentina elected Pope
- First non-European Pope in 1000 years
- Greeted by enthusiastic crowd in St Peters Square
RGENTINIAN Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio has been elected the new Pope. He will be known as Pope Francis the First.
Pope Francis is 76.
He is the first Jesuit to be elected Pope and the first to hail from Latin America. He is the first non-European pontiff in 1000 years.
Bells rang across St Peter's Square this morning as white smoke billowed from atop the Sistine Chapel signaling the Catholic Church and its 1.2 billion followers had a new pope.
After four inconclusive ballots, the crowd of several tens of thousands of onlookers who had been standing in incessant rain in the Vatican’s square for most of the day cheered in wild jubilation at the news Argentinian cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio had been elected to become the 266th pope.
"Viva il Papa," was chanted by the crowd over and over until one hour after the smoke Pope Francis appeared on the balcony to be greeted by a deafening roar.
It was a massive surprise to most whom had expected that after such a quick voting process, Italian Cardinal Angelo Scola and his close connection to the Vatican would be the obvious choice.
Instead the 115 of the world Catholic cardinals went, with a minimum two thirds majority, for the Argentinian who has spent his entire career at home in Buenos Aires and who reportedly came unofficial second in 2005 papal elections to the eventual pope then Benedict XVI.
In his first words after the election he said it seemed his brother cardinals had "gone to the end of the world" to choose him.
"You know that the work of the conclave is to give a bishop to Rome. It seems as if my brother cardinals went to find him from the end of the earth. Thank you for the welcome," he said.
Standing on the balcony to address the crowd, Pope Francis asked the faithful to pray for him as he thanked former pope Benedict, who dramatically stepped down last month to prompt the election, for all he had done and called for brotherhood in the church. He then blessed the city and "all men and women of goodwill".
Who is Pope Francis?
Handing the pontiff’s cap to a Latin American, a region with the world’s largest share of Catholics, will be the first step in reviving the church and giving its power base to where the masses live.
Pope Francis was recognised widely within the broader church for his self-effacing humility as well as leadership and was credited with modernising the church in Argentina which had been one of the most conservative.
Pope Francis joined the Jesuit Order in 1958, where he studied philosophy, literature and psychology.
He became a priest in 1969 and became a professor of theology.
He was promoted through the ranks of the Jesuits and became Cardinal in 2001.
Pope Francis I is known as a doctrinal conservative and a believer in social justice. His reputation for humility has been supported by his simple lifestyle.
As Cardinal of the Catholic Church in Argentina, he passed on the right to have a chauffeured limousine and instead used public transport. Instead of a bishop's palace, he lived in a small apartment. He also reportedly cooked his own meals.
Francis has also shown a keen political sensibility as well as the kind of self-effacing humility that fellow cardinals value highly, according to his official biographer, Sergio Rubin.
He showed that humility today, saying that before he blessed the crowd he wanted their prayers for him and bowed his head.
"Good night, and have a good rest," he said before going back into the palace.
White smoke signalled a new pope
The white smoke emitted at 7.06pm local time (5.06am AEDT), was at first only small leading to some initial confusion but then it billowed strongly in the rain, it was unmistakable, to the triumphant cheers and delight and flag waving from the throng. And if there was still doubt the bells of St Peter’s Basilica rang out.
Across Rome, bars and restaurants were broadcasting the news live and the cheers and applause could be heard everywhere.
Then something of a stampede an half an hour after the news as thousands more Italians flocked to the square on news it was an Italian who had been elected.
In traditional pomp an Italian military band marched with the Swiss Guards carrying the flag with the Pope’s seal to the front of the Vatican, shielded from the masses by wooden fences erected earlier in the day.
They crowds cheered again when the doors to the loggia opened, and again when Cardinal Bergoglio's name was announced.
"I can't explain how happy I am right now," said Ben Canete, a 32-year-old Filipino, jumping up and down in excitement.
Earlier in the day, black smoke was emitted from arguably the most watched roof in the world signifying consensus based on 77 votes from 115 ballots had not been achieved during the second and third ballot.
Vatican spokesman Frederico Lombardi said the delay did not necessarily mean there were "divisions or conflicts" saying selection simply took time.
Who was Saint Francis?
Francis, the name the new pope has chosen, is a much-beloved Italian saint who is identified with peace, poverty and a simple lifestyle.
This is the first pontiff to adopt the name of Francis, the rich young man from Assisi who renounced wealth and founded the Franciscan order of friars in 1290.
The choice could foretell the pope's priorities in striving to bring a sense of serenity to the troubled church. St. Francis is said to have been called by God to repair a church in ruins.
Choosing the name of one of Italy's patron saints also ties the new pope to Italy, the homeland of all popes of the last few centuries until 1978.
" Thanks be to God! "